"This book by Svetla Baloutzova is a groundbreaking study of the evolution of social legislation broadly related to population policy in interwar Bulgaria. Exceedingly well written and meticulously researched, the book is not a simple investigation of legal process or policy as the title indicates. Rather it offers a thoroughly contextualized analysis of population-related laws, political programs, and public debate within interwar Bulgaria, while continuously drawing connections to the broader context of European and global cultural concerns and political programs. The setting for the book is post–World War I Bulgaria, demoralized and defeated, transformed by war and its aftermath into a cauldron of mass politics and heightened social expectations. As elsewhere in Europe, the specter of Marxist revolution and the newly forming Soviet state loom large and shape many of the anxieties and political programs of the period. Baloutzova’s narrative highlights the continuities in the Bulgarian interwar legal landscape in relation to these issues, namely the continual promotion of a pro-natalist program for the advancement of the health and welfare of Bulgaria’s women and children."