"Offers a helpful scan of the imperial disposition in this period, focusing in particular on the cases of four intertwined empires in central and eastern Europe (Tsarist Russia, the Ottoman Empire, the German Empire, and the Habsburg monarchy). Some of the essays are truly outstanding. The comparative emphasis is valuable, as is the editors' invitation that we approach the nineteenth-century empires as four members of an "imperial macrosystem", deeply entangled with each other as partners, rivals, pupils, and models. This macrosystem proved more flexible and adaptive in its response to the rising pressures of nineteenth century nationalism than is usually presumed. And this is a valuable observation."