Soviet Military Intervention in Hungary, 1956
This remarkable study reveals precious new material on the organization, command, strategy, and tactics of the Soviet armed forces which invaded Hungary in 1956. Particularly interesting is the precise documentation of the irrationally large size of the forces. The major contribution made by the book is its source material: it is based on research in Soviet archives, and this alone makes the volume of unique scholarly importance.
The book opens with a substantial introductory essay by the editors, and includes a major study by Alexandr Kirov, based on research in Soviet military archives. One of the real strengths of the book is that it also includes the memoirs of General Yevgeny Malashenko, in 1956 a colonel in the Soviet Army and acting Chief of Staff of the Special Corps in Budapest, who provided unparalleled insights into Soviet military procedures, politico-military co-operation, and the actual fighting strengths and weaknesses of the Red Army. Very few other high-ranking Soviet officers have ever published their memoirs in the West.
Preface to the Series and Acknowledgements
Additional Data on the History of the Soviet Military Occupation (Jenő Györkei and Miklós Horváth)
Soviet Troops in Hungary after World War II
"Soviet Troops Must Enter Budapest"
The Hungarian Revolution and Events in Poland
Comrade Hegedűs Makes a Request
"The Hungarian Army Has Done Badly
The First Shots and the Occupation of the Radio Station
What Was Known in Moscow of the Hungarian Events
The Hungarian People's Army and the Revolution
The "Division of Labor" Changes
The Policy for the Peaceful Liberation of the Captive Nations and Its Forces Brought to Budapest Prove Insufficient
Soviet Tanks Open Fire-Kossuth Square, October 25, 1956
"We Increase the Number of Troops Active in Budapest
Further Reasons for the Divisions in the Hungarian People's Army
"The Military Viewpoint Overtakes the Political Viewpoint”
"Two Possible Routes Lie Ahead of Us"
The Final Attempt
The Attack Begins
"The Situation is Deteriorating"
Counter-Revolution? National Democratic Revolution?
"How Can We Master the Situation? Real Power: the Army!"
Soviet Troop Withdrawal from Budapest
"At Present the Number of Soviet Troops Stationed Here is Adequate"
"Troops Must Stay in Hungary"
Mikoyan's Unsuccessful Attempts
Imre Nagy Demands an Explanation-Kádár Speaks in Support of Nagy
"Nobody Wanted a Counter-Revolution"
Murders, Atrocities and Kádár's Propaganda Intrigues
Central Leadership of the Revolution
"Revolution is Revolution"
The Command ofBudapest Public Safety Forces is Formed
The Soviet Embassy "Siege"
National Guard Supreme Command is Formed
Polish "No," Yugoslav "Yes"
"This Government Should Not Be a Puppet Govemment"
The Revolution Tums into a War
A Mosaic of the Resistance
Soviet Military Intervention in Hungary, 1956
Alexandr M. Kirov
Questions are Increasingly Being Raised
The Hungarian Workers Party Proves Unable to Lead Society
The "Wave," a Plan for Armed Intervention
How It Began
The Plan Is Set in Motion
Soviet Troops in Budapest
"A Friendly Message to the Workers of the Hungarian People's Republic"
Re-evaluation of the Situation
Command to Cease Fire
Refugees and Hosts
Troop Invasion Continues
Preparations for a New Military Operation
The Beginning of Operation "Whirlwind"
UN General Assembly Decision
"Who Represents the Will of the People?"
The Organization of the Soviet City Commands
The End of the Suppression of the Uprising
"There Have Been, and Will Be, Arrests"
And What Happened Afterwards
The Hungarian October and the Present
The Old View Is No Longer Valid
Soviet Troop Losses
Troops Withdraw, the Graves Stay Behind
After N early 40 Years
The Price of the Khrushchev-Kádár Agreement
The Special Corps under Fire in Budapest - Memoirs of an Eyewitness
Y. I. Malashenko
To the Reader
Chapter 1-0n the Eve of the Events
ln Hungary-in the Special Corps Staff
Mistakes and Consequences
The Drafting of the Plan for Restoring Social Order
The Protests and the Armed Uprising in Budapest
Chapter 11-Soviet Troops in Budapest
The Hungarian Government Requests Help
The Beginning of Combat Operations
The Arrival of Soviet Political and Military Leaders in Budapest
The Arrival of New Formations and the Soviet Troop Operations in Budapest
Chapter 111-Soviet Troop Withdrawal from Budapest
The Fight Continues
Kádár Requests Military Aid
Preparations for Combat Operation
The Arrest of the Hungarian Delegation
Chapter IV-Operation "Whirlwind"
Special Army Corps Troops in Budapest Once Again
The Destruction of Armed Groups in the Country
The Direction of Soviet Troops in Hungary
The Final Destruction of Armed Groups in the Capital
Béla Király, Commander in Chief of the National Guard
Soviet Troop Losses in Hungary
Nikita Khrushchev, Imre Nagy and János Kádár
The Historical Tragedy
The History ofthe History
Y. I. Malashenko's Letter to Jenő Györkei
Appendices and Maps