Parlor and Kitchen
Besides Berlin, Budapest was the fastest-growing capital city in Europe at the end of the nineteenth century. Parlor and Kitchen, the work of a microhistorian and historical anthropologist, describes the development of private spaces in this newly emerged metropolis.
Author Gábor Gyáni has chosen two distinct groups of contemporary society: the upper middle class and the working class, to present their homes, domestic culture and attitudes. At the same time the book offers a panoramic view of the everyday life of the entire society, on social segregation and mobility. Behind the visual details the author reveals a great deal about the value systems of the groups of society investigated.
Reconstructing minute details as well as case studies, the author has relied on archival sources, private documents, and statistical data. The text is accompanied by contemporary photographs, maps and blueprints.
This enlightening and interesting volume will be of interest not only to historians, anthropologists and sociologists, but also to the general reader with an interest in urban history.
Gábor Gyáni is founder and editor of the quarterly Budapest Review of Books. He is President of the Hungarian-American Historians' Committee and Secretary of the Urban History Workshop of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
A student of the late professor Péter Hanák, Gyáni is active in research into the urban and social history of modern Hungary and the theory and methodology of history writing.
List of Tables
List of Illustrations
CONSTRUCTION AND URBANIZATION IN BUDAPEST AT THE TURN OF THE TWENTIETH CENTURY
The Economic and Social Conditions for Metropolitan Development
The Board of Works as the Engine of Metropolitan Development
Building Cycles, Investors, House-Owners
PRIVATE REFUGE—DOMESTIC LIFE IN BUDAPEST IN THE NINETEENTH AND TWENTIETH CENTURIES
The Pest Apartment Block and Its Inhabitants
Palaces on the Outside, Middle-Class Homes Within
The Inhabitants of a Lipótváros Apartment Building
Use of Domestic Space and Lifestyles Patterns
The Rules of Social Contact
Modernizing Social Contact—the Telephone in the Home
Tenants on the Move—Housing Mobility
Middle-Class Homes and Interiors in Nineteenth-Century Budapest
The Inventory as Source Material for a Study of Domestic Culture
Flats and Their Residents
Rooms and Interiors
Furnishings and Apartment Structure: Mirror of Values
The Middle-Class Home as a Feminine Realm: Social Life and the Drawing Room
Books in Middle-Class Homes
The Home as Cultural Code of Identity
Middle-Class Housing Conditions between the Two Wars
The Middle-Class Crash
Types and Sizes of Houses
The Social Determinants of the ‘Housing Classes’
‘Middle-Class’ Tenants in Space
Lodgers and Servants in Middle-Class Households
The Interiors of Smaller Middle-Class Apartments
PRIVATE SPACE IN THE COMMUNITY. THE BUDAPEST WORKING-CLASS FLAT IN THE NINETEENTH AND TWENTIETH CENTURIES
Housing Conditions: Overcrowding, Lodgers and Bed-Tenants under the Dual Monarchy
Tenancy: Legal Aspects and Practices
Interiors and Interior Design
A Dramatic Housing Shortage during the Rent Control Period
Tabán: Village in the City
The Pariahs of the Slums
The Working-Class Home, Inside and Out
Crowded Flats and Working-Class Families
Rent and Eviction