National Romanticism

The Formation of National Movements
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Publication date: 
513 pages

This is the second of the four-volume series, a daring project of CEU Press, presenting the most important texts that triggered and shaped the processes of nation-building in the many countries of Central and Southeast Europe. 67 texts, including hymns, manifestos, articles or extracts from lengthy studies exemplify the relation between Romanticism and the national movements in the cultural space ranging from Poland to the Ottoman Empire. Each text is accompanied by a presentation of the author, and by an analysis of the context in which the respective work was born.
The end of the 18th century and first decades of the 19th were in many respects a watershed period in European history. The ideas of the Enlightenment and the dramatic convulsions of the French Revolution had shattered the old bonds and cast doubt upon the established moral and social norms of the old corporate society. In culture a new trend, Romanticism, was successfully asserting itself against Classicism and provided a new key for a growing number of activists to 're-imagine' their national community, reaching beyond the traditional frameworks of identification (such as the 'political nation', regional patriotism, or Christian universalism). The collection focuses on the interplay of Romantic cultural discourses and the shaping of national ideology throughout the 19th century, tracing the patterns of cultural transfer with Western Europe as well as the mimetic competition of national ideologies within the region.

Discourses of Collective Identity in Central and Southeast Europe 1770–1945

Vol. I. Late Enlightenment

Vol. II. National Romanticism

Vol. III/1 Modernism
– The Creation of Nation States

Vol. III/2 Modernism
– Representations of National Culture 

Vol. IV. Anti-modernism 

Miroslav Hroch: National Romanticism

Chapter I: Historicizing the Nation: Images of the Past, Continuity into the Present

Dániel Berzsenyi: To the Hungarians
Joseph von Hormayr: Austria and Germany
Joachim Lelewel: Legitimacy of the Polish nation
Mihail Kogălniceanu: Speech for the opening of the course on national history
František Palacký: A History of the Czech nation in Bohemia and Moravia
Mihály Horváth: History of the Hungarian war of independence of 1848-1849
Jakub Malý: Our national rebirth
Constantinos Paparrigopoulos: History of the Hellenic nation
Jovan Jovanović Zmaj: Bright graves and Grandfather and grandson
Ivan Vazov: Under the Yoke
Namık Kemal: Ottoman History

Chapter II: Spirit of the Nation: Folklore, Language, Religion

Josef Jungmann: Second conversation concerning the Czech language
Vuk Stefanović Karadžić: Little Slavo-Serbian song book of the common people
Ferenc Kölcsey: National traditions and Hymn
Mauricy Mochnacki: Thoughts on how translation of foreign belles-lettres influences Polish literature
Charles Sealsfield: Austria as it is
Dimitrios Vyzantios: Babel, or the local distortion of the Greek language
Henryk Rzewuski: Moral varieties
Ľudovít Štúr: The Slovak dialect, or the necessity of writing in this dialect
Jevrem Grujić and Milovan Janković: South Slavs, or the Serbian nation with the Croats and the Bulgarians
Simion Bărnuţiu: The public law of the Romanians
Dora D'Istria: The Albanian nationality on the basis of popular songs
Osman Hamdi Bey and Marie de Launay: The popular costumes of Turkey in 1873
Stefan Verkovich: Veda Slovena
Teodosij Gologanov: Letter on the renewal of the Archbishopric of Ohrid
Mihai Eminescu: Political articles

Chapter III: Nationalization of the Space

Ján Kollár: The Daughter of Sláva
Adam Mickiewicz: Pan Tadeusz
István Széchenyi: Hunnia
Ljudevit Gaj: Proclamations
Ilija Garašanin: The draft
Ioannis Kolettis: Of this great idea
Karel Havlíček: The Slav and the Czech
Petition to the Emperor against the unification of Bohemia and Moravia
Johann Majláth: An examination of the question: whether to annex the Carpathian Slavs and Ruthenians to the Magyars
Lajos Kossuth: Proposal. Concerning the future political establishment of Hungary
Alecu Russo: The song of Romania
Petar Beron: Slavic philosophy
Ahmed Midhat Efendi: The basis of reform
Sami Frashëri: Albania, what it was, what is and what it will be?

Chapter IV: The Nation and its Neighbors in Europe: Regional Perspectives

Markos Renieris: What is Greece? West or East?
Viktor von Andrian-Werburg: Austria and her future
František Palacký: Letter to Frankfurt, 11 April 1848
Miklós Wesselényi: Oration on the matter of the Hungarian and Slavonic nationalities Janko Drašković: Dissertation, or Treatise
Ľudovít Šuhajda: Magyarism in Hungary
Lajos Mocsáry: Nationality
Stefan Buszczyński: The future of Austria
Svetozar Miletić: The Eastern Question
Ion C. Brătianu: Nationality
Memorandum of the Secret Central Bulgarian Committee

Chapter V: National Heroism: Revolution and Counter-Revolution

Dositej Obradović: Rise, O Serbia
Alexandros Ypsilantis: Fight for Faith and Motherland!
Dionysios Solomos: Hymn to Liberty
Adam Mickiewicz: Prophesies
Henryk Kamieński: Vital truths of the Polish nation
Petar II Petrović Njegoš: The mountain wreath
Franz Grillparzer: Field-marshal Radetzky
Sándor Petőfi: National song
Requests of the Slovak nation
Jevrem Grujić: A vision of the state
Zsigmond Kemény: After the revolution
Nicolae Bălcescu: The course of revolution in the history of the Romanians
Hristo Botev: Hadji Dimiter and The hanging of Vasil Levski
Two Macedonian manifestos
Namık Kemal: Motherland, or Silistra
Mehmed Akif: Hymn to Independence

"Discourses of Collective Identity bietet eine eindrucksvolle Lektüre und sei auch solchen Lesern empfohlen, die sich jenseits der ostmittel-, südosteuropäischen Area Studies für Nationalismusforschung interessieren. Für jene Regionalstudien bedeutet er einen gewichtigen Versuch, das Feld für eine kritische Ideengeschichte zurückzugewinnen, nachdem besonders für Südosteuropa ethnologisch-anthropologische, kultur- und sozialgeschichtliche Fragestellungen in letzter Zeit eine dominierende Stellung einnehmen."
"The collection does an admirable job of addressing multiple audiences. One could imagine these texts being used to great effect in an undergraduate course and, although the contexts would likely be too dense for students at this level, they would make the volume well suited to a graduate course. The series could just as easily be used by scholars well-versed in the intellectual history of one or more of the areas represented who are looking to broaden the context of their understanding."