The Making of Mămăligă
Mămăligă, maize porridge or polenta, is a universally consumed dish in Romania and a prominent national symbol. But its unusual history has rarely been told. Alex Drace-Francis surveys the arrival and spread of maize cultivation in Romanian lands from Ottoman times to the eve of World War One, and also the image of mămăligă in art and popular culture. Drawing on a rich array of sources and with many new findings, Drace-Francis shows how the making of mămăligă has been shaped by global economic forces and overlapping imperial systems of war and trade.
The story of maize and mămăligă provides an accessible way to revisit many key questions of Romanian and broader regional history. More generally, the book links the history of production, consumption, and representation. Analyses of recipes, literary and popular depictions, and key vocabulary complete the work.
List of Maps, Graphs, Tables
Introduction: The Land is Waiting
1. From the Caribbean to the Carpathians: The Coming of Cucuruz, c.1492-1700
2. Conquerors, Cultivators, and Collaborators: Maize at Empire’s Edge, 1700-1774
3. Climate, Conflict, Contagion and Commerce: The Triumph of Maize, 1774-1812
4. Maize, Raki or Death: The Revolt of 1821 Reconsidered
5. Mămăligă 2.0: Maize on the World Market, 1821-1856
6. Independence, Capitalism, Disease and Revolt; Or, Why the Mămăligă Exploded, 1856-1907
7. Manna valachorum: Recipes at the Interface
8. ‘The sparrow dreams of cornmeal, and the idle man of a feast day’: Mămăligă as Metaphor
Conclusion: The Land is Waiting
Appendix: Words and Things