Ideologies and National Identities

The Case of Twentieth-Century Southeastern Europe
out of print
$30.95 / €26.95 / £22.95
Publication date: 
319 pages

Twentieth-century Southeastern Europe endured three, separate decades of international and civil war, and was marred in forced migration and wrenching systematic changes. This book is the result of a year-long project by the Open Society Institute to examine and reappraise this tumultuous century.

A cohort of young scholars with backgrounds in history, anthropology, political science, and comparative literature were brought together for this undertaking. The studies invite attention to fascism, socialism, and liberalism as well as nationalism and communism. While most chapters deal with war and confrontation, they focus rather on the remembrance of such conflicts in shaping today's ideology and national identity.

Introduction by John R. Lampe

1. Robert C. Austin: The Myth of a Greater Albania. Albania, the Albanians and Unification

2. Mark Biondich: “We were defending the State”. The Political Right, Myth and Memory in Croatia, 1918-1991

3. Maja Brkljacic: Communism in Verse

4. Marko Bulatovic: Various Concepts of Yugoslavism in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia

5. Ildiko Erdei: Pioneer Organization and Reinvention of Childhood in Socialist Yugoslavia during the 1950ies

6. Gabriella Etmektsoglou: Transitional Justice. Lessons from Post-War Greece

7. James Frusetta: Divided Heroes

8. Rossitza Guentcheva: Listening to Socialism

9. Constantin Iordachi: The Charisma of the Archangel. Religion and Identity in the Ideology of The Legion of Archangel Michael in Interwar Romania

10. Dejan Jovic: Perceptions of the ‘Hostile Other’ in Socialist Yugoslavia (1945-1991)

11. Predrag J. Markovic: In the Quest for One’s Own Place. Mental Mapping in the History and Culture of the Ex-Yugoslav Peoples

12. Sandra Prlenda: Young and Fervent. Catholic Lay Organizations and Political Mobilization in Yugoslavia in the 1930s

13. Andrew B. Wachtel: How to Use a Classic. Petar Petrovic Njegos in the 20th Century

"This ably edited volume dealing with twentieth-century southeastern Europe is most welcome. The project coorrdinators came to an agreement with their collaborators to focus on nationalism, communism, fascism, liberalism, and religion. And indeed, all of these elements may be found between the covers of this volume, although the contributors were evidently given free rein. This volume offers insights into some neglected areas and is a most welcome addition to the literature on the history of East Central Europe."
"A truly unique and splendid addition to historical writing on southeastern Europe... Unique is the editors' insistence that each author include several translated primary sources. The diversity of sources is unrivaled by any documentary reader available to those of us who teach European, east European or Balkan history."