Heroes and Villains
Certain to engender debate in the media, especially in Ukraine itself, as well as the academic community. Using a wide selection of newspapers, journals, monographs, and school textbooks from different regions of the country, the book examines the sensitive issue of the changing perspectives – often shifting 180 degrees – on several events discussed in the new narratives of the Stalin years published in the Ukraine since the late Gorbachev period until 2005. These events were pivotal to Ukrainian history in the 20th century, including the Famine of 1932–33 and Ukrainian insurgency during the war years.
This latter period is particularly disputed, and analyzed with regard to the roles of the OUN (Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists) and the UPA (Ukrainian Insurgent Army) during and after the war. Were these organizations "freedom fighters" or "collaborators"? To what extent are they the architects of the modern independent state?
Chapter 1: Independent Ukraine Reviews the Past
Chapter 2: The Famine of 1932-33
Chapter 3: The OUN, 1929-1943
Chapter 4: Making Heroes: the Early Days of OUN-UPA
Chapter 5: UPA's Conflict with the Red Army and Soviet Security Forces
Chapter 6: The Ukrainian-Polish Conflict
Chapter 7: Writing New History in Ukraine
Chapter 8: Assessments