Globalization, Nationalism, and Imperialism

A New History of Eastern Europe
ISBN: 
978-963-386-599-6
cloth
$75.00 / €72.00/ £61.00
Publication date: 
2023
174 pages

The authors of this book retell the political and economic history of East-Central Europe, the post-communist Balkans, and the Baltic states and speculate about their future from the vantage point of three competing forces operating in the region: territorial imperialism, globalization, and nationalism.

Exposed to imperial aspirations, the geographic area from the Baltic Sea to the Black Sea has in the past 150 years been subject to alternating waves of globalization and nationalism. The nineteenth century Eastern European empires were open to forces of economic globalization, but all collapsed at the end of World War One. Emerging nation-states embraced the logic of Western-led globalization but were subjugated by Nazi and Soviet empires, which pursued policies of economic autarchy. The demise of the Soviet empire marked the revival of pre-1939 nation-states and the re-entry of forces of liberalism and globalization into the region, with multiple crises of economic transition, ethnic militancy, new forms of authoritarianism, and external security threats. By 2010 negative, nationalist-populist reactions against crises that globalization brought to Eastern Europe became the dominant political trend. The analysis involves the consideration about the very contemporary factors of Brexit and COVID, as well as Russia’s and China’s influences, and their effects on Eastern Europe.

1 Introduction 
James W. Peterson and Jacek Lubecki

Nationalism, Imperialism, and Globalization in the Shaping of Eastern Europe 
Background of Theories 

2 Dialectics of Globalization: Empires and Nationalism
Jacek Lubecki

Control by Empires Prior to WW I, 1815–1914 
Emergence of Nation-States after 1918 
Nazi/Fascist Empire, 1930s and 1940s 
Communist Empire, 1945–89 
Post-communist Expressions of Nationalism after 1989 

3 Liberalism and Anti-Liberalism 
Jacek Lubecki

The Spread of Liberalism and Its Discontentment 
Successes of Liberalism and Persistence of Anti-liberalism 
Conclusion: Eastern Europe between Nationalism and Globalization 

4 Ethnic Challenges from Within and Without 
James W. Peterson

Ethnic Warfare and Conflict within the States 
Migratory Pressures from the External Environment 
Theoretical Conclusion 

5 Domestic and Global Security Challenges 
James W. Peterson

Terrorist Threats inside the State 
Russian Imperial Challenges after Crimea Takeover, 2014 
Theoretical Conclusion 

6 The Cloud of COVID-19 as a Global Pressure on the Region and Its Individual States, 2020 and After 
James W. Peterson

Key Historical Differences 
Impact of COVID-19 on Democratic Ratings 
Selected Case Studies of Political and Administrative Decisions during the 2020–22 Virus 
Election Outcomes during the Crisis Years 
Theoretical Conclusion 

7 Conclusion: Imperialism, Globalization, and Nationalism in Eastern Europe in the Twenty-First Century 
James W. Peterson

Imperialism 
Globalization 
Nationalism 
Theoretical Conclusions

Bibliography 
Index

“Peterson and Lubecki set out to survey East European political and economic history from the later nineteenth century to the present, organized around the themes of imperialism, globalization, and nationalism. The originality of their work lies in its broad sweep of time, the equally broad region it sets out to consider, and the application of theoretical approaches from various disciplines to evaluating the three major themes of its title.”