Globalization and Nationalism

The Cases of Georgia and the Basque Country
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218 pages

Argues for an original, unorthodox conception about the relationship between globalization and contemporary nationalism. While the prevailing view holds that nationalism and globalization are forces of clashing opposition, Sabanadze establishes that these tend to become allied forces. Acknowledges that nationalism does react against the rising globalization and represents a form of resistance against globalizing influences, but the Basque and Georgian cases prove that globalization and nationalism can be complementary rather than contradictory tendencies.

Nationalists have often served as promoters of globalization, seeking out globalizing influences and engaging with global actors out of their very nationalist interests. In the case of both Georgia and the Basque Country, there is little evidence suggesting the existence of strong, politically organized nationalist opposition to globalization.

Discusses why, on a broader scale, different forms of nationalism develop differing attitudes towards globalization and engage in different relationships.

Chapter 1: Introduction
1.1 Central Arguments
1.2 Theoretical Underpinnings and Methodology
1.3 Different Approaches to Contemporary Nationalism
Chapter 2: Nationalism Resurgent: Central Paradox of the Global Era?
2.1 Defining Globalization
2.2 Defining Nationalism
2.3 Paradox of Nationalist Resurgence in the Era of Globalization
2.4 Summary: Constructing the Globalization Hypothesis
Chapter 3: The Globalization Hypothesis and Its Fallacies
3.1 Nationalism Resurgent
3.2 Old and New Nationalisms
3.3 The Globalization Hypothesis: An Incomplete Picture
3.4 Conclusion
Chapter 4: Globalization and Georgian Nationalism
4.1 The Beginnings: Georgian Nationalism in the 19th and Early 20th Centuries
4.2 The Soviet Legacy and Folklorization of Georgian Nationalism
4.3 Georgia’s Post-Communist Nationalism: The Three Phases
4.4 Conclusion
Chapter 5: Globalization and Basque Nationalism
5.1 Sabino Arana and the Beginnings of Basque Nationalism
5.2 Francoism and the Diversification of Basque Nationalism
5.3 Transition to Democracy and Institutionalization of Nationalism
5.4 Contending Approaches: Modernization or Globalization
5.5 ETA vs. Guggenheim: Globalization and contemporary Basque nationalism
5.6 Conclusion
Chapter 6: Globalization and Nationalism: the Relationship Revisited

Conventional wisdom suggests that sub-state nationalism in the post-Cold War era is a product of globalization. Sabanadze’s work encourages a rethinking of this proposition. Through careful analysis of the Georgian and Basque cases, she shows that the principal dynamics have little, if anything, to do with globalization and much to do with the political context and historical framework of these cases. This book is a useful corrective to facile thinking about the relationship between the “global” and the “local” in the explanation of civil conflict.