The Convolutions of Historical Politics
Thirteen essays by scholars from seven countries discuss the political use and abuse of history in the recent decades with particular focus on Central and Eastern Europe (Hungary, Poland, Estonia, Moldova, Ukraine, Russia as case studies), but also includes articles on Germany, Japan and Turkey, which provide a much needed comparative dimension. The main focus is on new conditions of political utilization of history in post-communist context, which is characterized by lack of censorship and political pluralism. The phenomenon of history politics became extremely visible in Central and Eastern Europe in the past decade, and remains central for political agenda in many countries of the regions. Each essay is a case study contributing to the knowledge about collective memory and political use of history, offering a new theoretical twist. The studies look at actors (from political parties to individual historians), institutions (museums, Institutes of National remembrance, special political commissions), methods, political rationale and motivations behind this phenomenon.
Alexey Miller. Introduction. Politicization of history and history politics.
Stefan Berger: German History Politics and the National Socialist Past
Dariusz Stola: Poland’s IPN: a Ministry of Memory?
Maciej Janowski: Jedwbne, 10.07.1941: a debate about the events of one day
Gábor Gyáni: Trianon memory as a political instrument in today's Hungary
Alexander Astrov: The “Politics of History” as a Case of Foreign-Policy Making
Georgiy Kasianov: Politics of history in independent Ukraine
Andrei Cusco: Politics of memory and politics of history in post-Soviet Moldova
John-Paul Himka: Interventions: Challenging the Myths of Twentieth-Century Ukrainian History
Diana Dumitru: Studying Holocaust in Moldova – a personal experience
Alexei Miller: A U-turn? – power and history in Russia, 2004-2011
Şener Aktürk: Politics of History in Turkey: Revisionist Historiography’s Challenge to the Official Version of the Turkish War of Independence
Jeff Kingston: The Politics of History in Contemporary Japan