Health and Medicine

ISSUES OF HEALTH AND MEDICINE ACROSS A VARIETY OF CEU PRESS PUBLICATIONS

“The Romanian peasant fasts for half of the days of the year; and what does he fast on? Boiled vegetables and mămăligă: a diet based on vegetables especially designed to deprive the body of its strength and mortify it!”—from a monograph on health conditions in the Romanian Old Kingdom.
“The peasant does not receive assistance either in illness, or at birth. Those who believe that the peasant is so dull-witted as to reject the doctor’s superior knowledge, or that the peasant woman ‘does not trust’ those who could enlighten her, are wrong.”
This book is a member of the CEU Press Studies in the History of Medicine.

Other titles on health issues and the history of medicine from CEU Press backlist:

“The general situation of reproductive health and health services is far from ideal in [post-soviet] Russia, and there is a widespread distrust of health-care providers”—from a collection of essays on family life and childhood in the past half century in east Europe.

A study of the process of medical professionalization in late imperial Russia; a monograph on the social policies, child protection and health insurance in Hungary under the Habsburg Monarchy; and a book on tourism in communist Yugoslavia: “workers were expected to feel physically better after their holiday and to a positive attitude about their health.”

“Let me make for you a charm against the eye from the breast of holy Patrick against neck swelling, against tail stopping, against nine plagues and nine murrains and against nine slender fairy women”—from the book on the role of charms and other magical remedies. Other volumes explore the medieval roots of using supernatural powers in medical practices, astrological medicine, popular healing, folk medicine and other varieties of unlicensed practices. 

“In Budapest 59 percent of the physicians, 52 percent of the veterinary surgeons, and 33 percent of the pharmacists were Jewish in 1910… A very good hospital was built on the Manfréd Weiss factory grounds, where the workers and their family members could receive free medical care”—from the volume on the lifestyles of Jews in Hungary before the Shoah; a sequel to a successful title of similar genre.

Specific health care practices and habits explain the demographic growth of the Jewish population in the 18th and 19th centuries in Europe in general and in Bohemia in particular. 

“The ethnic point of view made its way into the health care sector. Health supervisors would examine Gypsy settlements every two weeks. Until 1985 the state maintained the institution of forced bathing.”—from the book on the effects of the Roma policies in Hungary in the second half of the twentieth century. Also elsewhere in Europe, the miserable health indicators in Roma settlements are produced by the prevailing unacceptable environmental conditions.