Edited by Mark S. Frankel, American Association
for the Advancement of Science, and Jane Cave,
The shift to a market economy in post-Communist Eastern
Europe has had a profound impact on science and scientists
across the region, leading to reforms in research management
practices and to drastic cuts in funding levels everywhere.
Many countries are moving to a system of competitive
research grants awarded on the basis of peer review.
The introduction of peer review is not simply a technical
matter. It signifies a fundamental change in the social
structure of science, enhancing profession-al autonomy
and giving working scientists a voice in the allocation
of resources. This book combines first-hand accounts
of the reform process with analyses of the strengths
and weaknesses of both peer review and quantitative
ISBN 978-1-85866-079-3 cloth $51.95/ £31.95