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Deals with the period of takeover and of ‘high Stalinism’ in Eastern Europe (1945–1955). These years are considered to be fundamentally characterized by institutional and ideological transfers based upon the premise of radical transformism and of cultural revolution. Both a balance-sheet and a politico-historical synthesis that reflects the archival and thematic novelties which came about in the field of communism studies after 1989.
Contains contributions analyzing various aspects related these topics for each country of the former Soviet bloc (with the exception of Albania). The essays are based on new archival research, some are reassessments of the author’s previous research and others are critical appraisals of the specific literature published on issues related to the main topic. A path-breaking comparative framework for interpreting the relationship between late Stalinism and the communist takeovers in former Eastern Europe. A bonus for the volume is that it also provides detailed, sectorial analyses for the Romanian case, something that the field paritcularly lacks.
Introduction by Vladimir Tismaneanu
Part One : Stalinism – a Takeover Model
KEN JOWITT: Stalinist Revolutionary Breakthroughs in Eastern Europe
VLADIMIR TISMANEANU: Diabolical Pedagogy and the (Il)logic of Stalinism in Eastern Europe
MARK KRAMER: Stalin, Soviet Policy, and the Consolidation of a Communist Bloc in Eastern Europe, 1944–53
ALFRED J. RIEBER: Popular Democracy: an Illusion?
Part Two : The Establishment of Communist Regimes
THOMAS W. SIMONS, Jr: Eastern Europe between the USSR and the West: Reflections on the Origins and Dynamics of the Cold War
AGNES HELLER: Legitimation Deficit and Legitimation Crisis in East European Societies
JOHN CONNELLY: The Paradox of East German Communism: From Non-Stalinism to Neo-Stalinism?
ANTONI Z. KAMINSKI, BARTLOMIEJ KAMINSKI: "Road to “People’s Poland:” Stalin’s Conquest Revisited
Part Three : Stalinism and Historiography
JANOS RAINER: Revisiting Hungarian Stalinism
BOGDAN CRISTIAN IACOB: Avatars of the Romanian Academy and the Historical Front (1948 versus1955)
EKATERINA NIKOVA: Bulgarian Stalinism Revisited
DORIN DOBRINCU: Historicizing a Disputed Theme: Anti-Communist Armed Resistance in Romania
Part Four : National or Revolutionary Breakthroughs?
BRADLEY ABRAMS: Hope Died Last: The Czechoslovak Road to Stalinism
CRISTIAN VASILE: Propaganda and Culture in Romania at the Beginning of the Communist Regime
SVETOZAR STOJANOVIC: Varieties of Stalinism in Light of the Yugoslav Case
DRAGOS PETRESCU: Community Building and Identity Politics in Gheorghiu-Dej’s Romania (1956–1964)
List of Contributors