In Search of “Aryan Blood”

Serology in Interwar and National Socialist Germany
ISBN: 
978-963-9776-50-0
cloth
$50.00 / €45.00 / £40.00
Publication date: 
2012
256 pages

Explores the course of development of German seroanthropology from its origins in World War I until the end of the Third Reich. Gives an all encompassing interpretation of how the discovery of blood groups in around 1900 galvanised not only old mythologies of blood and origin but also new developments in anthropology and eugenics in the 1920s and 1930s. Boaz portrays how the personal motivations of blood scientists influenced their professional research, ultimately demonstrating how conceptually indeterminate and politically volatile the science of race was under the Nazi regime.

Contrary to sustained efforts, the search for the “Aryan” blood did not materialize into the racial utopia that the Nazi officials had dreamed. Moreover, the monograph convincingly demonstrates how ambiguous the relationship between eugenics, seroanthropology and anti-Semitism was in Germany, not least because proeminent German eugenicists and race scientists were Jewish or of Jewish origin.

LIST OF FIGURES

 

Chapter I       INTRODUCTION

Chapter II     THE EMERGENCE OF BLOOD SCIENCE

 

            “Contagious Blood” in German Fiction and Early Blood Science

            Origins of Serology

            The Völkisch Notion of “Blood Defilement

            Seroanthropology

            Jewish Physicians and Blood Science

            Postwar Blood Science

 

Chapter III    SEROANTHROPOLOGY IN THE EARLY 1920S. BLOOD, RACE, AND

            EUGENICS

            Frigyes Verzár and Oszkár Weszeczky: Seroanthropological Research in Hungary

            Surveying “Native Germans”

            Blood Type and Genetic Inferiority

            Völkisch Research

 

IV     ORGANIZING SEROANTHROPOLOGY: THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE GERMAN INSTITUTE FOR BLOOD GROUP RESEARCH

 

            Otto Reche and Racial Anthropology.

            The German Institute for Blood Group Research

           

Chapter V     SEROANTHROPOLOGY AT ITS HEIGHT: DISTINGUISHING

            THOSE WITH “PURE BLOOD”

           

            Studies of “Native Germans”

            Biased Research

 

Chapter VI    THE JEW AS EXAMINER AND EXAMINED 

 

            Manoiloff’s “Serochemistry” and Jewish Blood

            Seroanthropological Analysis of Jews

            Völkisch Propaganda

            Jews and Seroanthropology

 

Chapter VII   BLOOD AS METAPHOR AND SCIENCE IN THE

            NUREMBERG RACE LAWS

 

            Seroanthropology in 1933

            Proponents of Seroanthropology

            Racial “Reform” under Nazism

            “Blood Defilement”

            Diverse Means of “Blood Defilement” 

            Seroanthropological Research in the Third Reich

            The German Institute for Blood Group Research

 

Chapter VIII THE PEDAGOGY AND PRACTICE OF SEROANTHROPOLOGY

            DURING WORLD WAR II

 

            Seroanthropology and National Socialist Medicine

            Seroanthropological Research

            Seroanthropology and Nazi Racial Ideology

            Clinical Serology

 

Chapter IX    CONCLUSION

 

BIBLIOGRAPHY

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