A Biographical Dictionary of Women's Movements and Feminisms

Central, Eastern, and South Eastern Europe, 19th and 20th Centuries
ISBN: 
978-963-7326-39-4
cloth
$69.95 / € 58.95 / £47.00
This book was selected as an Outstanding Academic Title for 2006 by Choice Magazine.
Publication date: 
2006
698 pages

This Biographical Dictionary describes the lives, works and aspirations of more than 150 women and men who were active in, or part of, women’s movements and feminisms in Central, Eastern and South Eastern Europe. Thus, it challenges the widely held belief that there was no historical feminism in this part of Europe. These innovative and often moving biographical portraits not only show that feminists existed here, but also that they were widespread and diverse, and included Romanian princesses, Serbian philosophers and peasants, Latvian and Slovakian novelists, Albanian teachers, Hungarian Christian social workers and activists of the Catholic women’s movement, Austrian factory workers, Bulgarian feminist scientists and socialist feminists, Russian radicals, philanthropists, militant suffragists and Bolshevik activists, prominent writers and philosophers of the Ottoman era, as well as Turkish republican leftist political activists and nationalists, internationally recognized Greek feminist leaders, Estonian pharmacologists and science historians, Slovenian ‘literary feminists,’ Czech avant-garde painters, Ukrainian feminist scholars, Polish and Czech Senate Members, and many more. Their stories together constitute a rich tapestry of feminist activity and redress a serious imbalance in the historiography of women’s movements and feminisms.

Acknowledgments
Advisory Board Members (Country Coordinators)
Often Used Abbreviations and Symbols Used in the Lists of Sources
Maps
Introduction
Subjects per Country
The Entries
Fatma Aliye Serpil Çakır

Countess Apponyi
Susan Zimmermann and Claudia Papp

Praskov'ia Arian
Rochelle Ruthchild

Inessa-Yelizaveta Armand
Natalia Pushkareva

Aspazija
Irina Novikova

Ksenija Atanasijević
Iva Nenic

Ingeborg Bachmann
Caitríona
Leahy

Maria Baiulescu,
Tanya Dunlap

Jelica Belović-Bernadzikowska
Jelica Zdero

Hermin Beniczky (Mrs Pál Veres)
Anna Loutfi

Johanna Bischitz
Julia Richers

Vela Blagoeva
Krassimira Daskalova

Kostadina Bojadjieva Nasteva-Rusinska
Vera Veskovic-Vangeli

Felicia Bortkevičienė
Virginija Jureniene

Calypso Botez
Maria Bucur

Justyna
Budzińska-Tylicka
Katarzyna Sierakowska

Kazimiera Bujwidowa
Dobrochna Kalwa

Princess Alexandrina Cantacuzino
Roxana Cheschebec

Mariia Chekhova
Rochelle Ruthchild

Shaqe Coba
Zenepe Dibra

Zofia Daszyńska-Golińska
Grzegorz Krzywiec

Draga Dejanović (Dejanovich)
Ivana Pantelić

Suat Derviş
Fatmagül Berktay

Blaženka Despot
Gordana Bosanac

Elena Djionat
Maria Bucur

Halide Edib-Adivar
Ayşe Durakbaşa

Anna Engelgardt
Igor' Shkol'nikov

Regina Ezera
Sandra Meshkova

Auguste Fickert
Hanna Hacker

Anna Filosofova
Marianna Muravyeva

Esther Frumkin
Rochelle Ruthchild

Magdalena Galdikienė
Indrė Karčiauskaitė

Mariska Gárdos
Susan Zimmermann

Sarolta Geőcze Anna Loutfi

Elena Gjika (Dora d'Istria)
Zenepe Dibra

Vilma Glücklich
Susan Zimmermann

Hana Gregorová
Etela Farkašová

Liubov Gurevich
Rochelle Ruthchild

Marianne Hainisch
Birgitta Bader-Zaar

Milada Horáková
Dana Musilova

Dimitrana Ivanova
Krassimira Daskalova

Dragojla Jarnević
Sandra Prlenda

Milena Jesenská
Alena Wagnerová

Biljana Jovanović
Jasmina Lukić

Marija Jurić-
Zagorka
Slavica Jakobović Fribec

Elise Käer-Kingisepp
Sirje Tamul

Ivande Kaija

Sandra Meshkova

Anna Kal'manovich
Rochelle Ruthchild

Klarā Kalnina
Irina Novikova

Emilia Kánya
Éva Bicskei

Teréz Karacs
Éva Bicskei

Elissaveta Karamichailova
Georgeta Nazarska

Lyuben Karavelov
Georgeta Nazarska

Ekaterina Karavelova
Reneta Roshkeva

Anna Karima
Krassimira Daskalova

Stoja Kašiković
Jelica Zdero

Natalia Kobrynska
Martha Bohachevsky-Chomiak

Olha Kobylianska
Teresa Polowy

Alexandra Kollontai
Natalia Gafizova

Kina Konova
Reneta Roshkeva and Krassimira
Daskalova

Eliška Krásnohorská
Libuše Heczková

Karolīne Kronvalde
Irina Novikova

Nadezhda Krupskaia
Norma Noonan

Paulina Kuczalska-Reinschmit

Grzegorz Krzywiec

Ekaterina Kuskova
Barbara Norton

Zofka Kveder
Katja Mihurko Poniz

Käthe Leichter
Gabriella Hauch

Draga Ljočić (Ljotchich)- Milošević
Ivana Pantelić

Julia Malinova
Krassimira Daskalova

Veselinka Malinska
Vera Veskovic-Vangeli

Elena Maróthy-Šoltésová
Jana Cviková

Charlotta Garrigue Masaryková
Anna Nedvĕdová

Ona Mašiotienė
Indrė Karčiauskaitė

Vera Matejczuk
Aleh Hardzienka

Rosa Mayreder
Edith Leisch-Prost

Teodora Męczkowska
Jolanta Sikorska-Kulesza

Elena Meissner
Maria Bucur

Eugénia Meller
Claudia Papp and Susan Zimmermann

Ulviye Mevlan-Civelek
Serpil Çakır

Adela Milčinović
Slavica Jakobović Fribec

Zinaida Mirovich
Rochelle Ruthchild

Zofia Moraczewska
Joanna Dufrat

Iza Moszczenska
Magdalena Gawin

Nezihe Muhittin
Serpil Çakır

Sofia Nădejde
Stefania Mihăilescu

Ella Negruzzi
Maria Bucur

Božena Němková
Jiřina Šmejkalová

Milica Ninković (Ninkovich)
Ivana Pantelić

Teréza Nováková
Libuše Heczková

Eliza Orzeszkowa
Iwona Wiśniewska

Haim Estreya Ovadya

Vera Veskovic-Vangeli

Nurser Öztunali
Sevgi Uçan Çubukçu

Pavlina Pajk
Marta Verginellata

Serafima Panteleeva
Natalia Tikhonov

Žarana Papić
Vanda Perovic

Callirhoe Parren
Angelika Psarra and Eleni
Fournaraki

Alaiza Pashkevich
Elena Gapova

Solom'iya Pavl'ychko
Viktoriya M. Topalova

Olena Pchilka

Natalia Monakhova

Kata Pejnović
Maja Brkljacic

Karoline Perin-Gradenstein
Gabriella Hauch

Gabrielė Petkevičaitė
Rima Praspaliauskiene

Berta Pipina
Elizabete Picukane

Františka Plaminková
Soňa Hendrychová

Rosa Plaveva
Vera Veskovic-Vangeli

L'udmila Podjavorinská (Riznerová)
Andrea Šalingová

Adelheid Popp
Regina Köpl

Vera Poska-Grünthal
Sirje Tamul

Parashqevi and Sebasti Qiriazi
Zenepe Dibra

Koko Racin
Jasna Koteska and Ivana Velinovska

Eugenia de Reuss Ianculescu
Raluca Maria Popa

Barbora Rezlerová-Švarcová
Jana Juranova

Milena Rudnytska
Tatiana Zhurzhenko

Urani Rumbo
Zenepe Dibra

Therese Schlesinger
Gabriella Hauch

Róza Schwimmer
Susan Zimmermann and Borbala Major

Isidora Sekulić
Iva Nenic

Sabiha Sertel
İnci Özkan Kerestecioğlu

Anna Shabanova
Natalia Novikova

Ol'ga Shapir
Irina Yukina

Ekaterina Schepkina
Rochelle Ruthchild

Poliksena Shishkina-Iavein
Irina Yukina

Staka Skenderova
Jelica Zdero

Lydia Sklevicky
Biljana Kašić

Margit Slachta
Margit Balogh and Ilona Mona

Nadezhda Stasova
Marianna Muravyeva

Alojzija (Lojzka) Štebi
Marta Verginella

Szeréna Stern
Claudia Papp and Erika Varsányi

Ilona Stetina
Anna Loutfi

Lilli (Caroline) Suburg
Sirje Tamul and Andra Lätt

Karolína Světlá
Rajenda Chitnis

Maria Svolou
Dimitra Samiou

Anna Szelagowska
Joanna Dufrat

Maria Szeliga
Agnieszka Janiak-Jasińska

Nadzeja Sznarkiewicz
Aleh Hardzienka

Avra Theodoropoulou
Aleka Boutzouvi

Vida Tomšič
Mateja Jeraj

(Marie Čermínová) Toyen
Martina Pachmanová

Maria Trubnikova
Natalia Novikova

Ariadna Tyrkova-Williams
Olga Shnyrova

Lesia Ukrainka
Natalia Monakhova

Terézia Vansová
Jana Cviková

Božena Viková-Kunĕtická

Irena Kreitlová and Libuše Hezckova

Angela Vode
Karmen Klavžar

Alice Voinescu
Diana Georgescu

Adela Xenopol
Ştefania Mihăilescu

Tadeusz Żeleński (Boy)
Katarzyna Pabijanek

Vera Zlatareva
Krassimira Daskalova

Ekaterina Zlatoustova
Georgeta Nazarska

Narcyza Żmichowska
Grażyna Borkowska

Index of Persons and Organizations

Ab Imperio

"The excellent team of authors represents two generations of post-1989 women’s historians in CESEE, many of whom published path-breaking research in their respective countries. The main goal of this dictionary is to offer reliable information on the history of women’s movements and feminism in CESEE. The editors’ aim is to provide comparative materials for students and researchers looking at the history of feminism and the women’s movement from a transnational perspective. What unifies this project, is its political aim: to provide a “historical support” for contemporary feminism in the region by presenting it as a historical continuation of once interrupted indigenous women’s movements, rather than as simply a post-1989 Western ideological import. Thus, the project responds to the very real problem of the deepening and institutionalizing of gender inequality in the countries of the region (mostly post-communist ones)."

Gender & History

"Anyone interested in women’s movements and feminism in Europe will find a wealth of useful information here – much of it otherwise inaccessible in the English language. The work of synthesising and analysing women’s and feminist movements in most of the countries of central, eastern and south eastern Europe still lies ahead. This volume provides an important start, and is a very welcome reference book."

Osteuropa

"Das große Verdienst des Buchs besteht vor allem darin, sich nicht nur auf gut erforschte Räume wie etwa Russland oder Polen konzentriert zu haben und damit anhand kurzer, aber sorgfältig recherchierter Biographien die Vielfalt und Unterschiedlichkeit von Emanzipationsbewegungen im mittel-, ost und südosteuropäischen Raum vor Augen geführt zu haben. Das Werk ist gerade in dieser Hinsicht eine Fundgrube, die damit allerdings auch Forschungsdesiderate deutlich markiert."

Slavic and East European Journal

"The Dictionary, which grew out of a project to create a calendar with 'biographical portraits of feminists from Central, Eastern, and South Eastern Europe,' has stong inspirational value and a human interest angle that attend this genre. Along with the original research, it should provide a strong basis for further scholarly investigation into this fascinating topic."
2006

Ab Imperio

"The excellent team of authors represents two generations of post-1989 women’s historians in CESEE, many of whom published path-breaking research in their respective countries. The main goal of this dictionary is to offer reliable information on the history of women’s movements and feminism in CESEE. The editors’ aim is to provide comparative materials for students and researchers looking at the history of feminism and the women’s movement from a transnational perspective. What unifies this project, is its political aim: to provide a “historical support” for contemporary feminism in the region by presenting it as a historical continuation of once interrupted indigenous women’s movements, rather than as simply a post-1989 Western ideological import. Thus, the project responds to the very real problem of the deepening and institutionalizing of gender inequality in the countries of the region (mostly post-communist ones)."
2006

Slavic and East European Journal

"The Dictionary, which grew out of a project to create a calendar with 'biographical portraits of feminists from Central, Eastern, and South Eastern Europe,' has stong inspirational value and a human interest angle that attend this genre. Along with the original research, it should provide a strong basis for further scholarly investigation into this fascinating topic."

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